The International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is the United Nations specialized agency for i nformation and communication technologies – ICTs, driving innovation together with 193 Member States as well as some 900 companies, universities, and international and regional organizations. Founded in 1865 to facilitate international connectivity in communications networks, the ITU allocates global radio spectrum and satellite orbits, develops the technical standards that ensure networks and technologies seamlessly interconnect, and strives to improve access to ICTs to underserved communities, worldwide. ITU is committed to connecting the world, and to protect and support everyone’s fundamental right to communicate.
The work of ITU is organized around three main areas of activity identified as “Sectors”. ITU’s Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R) is responsible for management of the radio-frequency spectrum and satellite orbit resources. ITU standards (called Recommendations) are fundamental to the operation of today’s advanced wireless, broadband and multimedia technologies. ITU’s Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) plays a crucial role in defining the core trans port and access technologies that underpin communications networks around the world. ITU’s TelecommunicationDevelopment Sector (ITU-D) implements projects that make a difference in the lives of people around the world and offer sustainable and innovative solutions for achieving global development through ICTs.
ITU network of Regional and Area Offices, helps to maintain direct contact with national authorities, regional telecommunication organizations and other key stakeholders. ITU has regional offices in Africa, Americas, Arab States, Asia and Pacific, Commonwealth of Independent States, and Europe.
To achieve the UN Sustainable Development Goals by 2030, the ITU Office for Europe works closely with stakeholders from 46 Member States in the Europe Region, making sure that together with ITU, they can advance digital transformation at the national, regional, and global level.
The work of the ITU Regional Office for Europe, which covers 46 countries, is driven by regional initiatives which were formulated and revised at successive 4-yearly World Telecommunication Development Conferences (WTDC), 2017, Buenos Aires. These iniatives, agreed by the Member States, are designed to address specific areas of particular importance to the European region.
The ITU Regional Initiatives for Europe include the following:
· EUR1 “Broadband infrastructure, broadcasting and spectrum management” has the objective to facilitate high-speed connectivity with resilient and synergistic infrastructure development, deployment and sharing, whilst ensuring a trusted and quality user experience.
· EUR2 “A citizen-centric approach to building services for national administrations” has the objective to facilitate the development of transformative and paperless citizen-centric services that are accessible and available to all members of society.
· EUR3 “Accessibility, affordability and skills development for all to ensure digital inclusion and sustainable development” has the objective to bridge the digital divide and equip all groups of society, including persons with disabilities and specific needs, to take advantage of information and communication technology (ICT), by enabling capacity building in digital skills.
· EUR4 “Enhancing trust and confidence in the use of information and communication technologies” has the objective to support the deployment of resilient infrastructure and secure services allowing all citizens, especially children, to use information and communicationtechnologies (ICTs) in their daily lives with confidence.
· EUR5 “Information and communication technology-centric innovation ecosystems” has the objective to enhance entrepreneurship and establish a sustainable culture of innovation through concrete strategic actions using information and communication technology (ICT) as an enabler, building on the existing regional initiative in Europe on entrepreneurship, innovation and youth.
Please find the latest Implementation Report (January-April 2021) , which outlines all activities undertaken or to be undertaken by ITU between January and April 2021, as a direct response to the expected results of the ITU Regional Initiatives for Europe Region.